The British Isles has many breeds
of sheep, some recently introduced and some having existed for centuries. The Welsh
Mountain sheep can be termed as an umbrella description to describe many breeds indigenous
Through breeding and selection over the centuries the Welsh Mountain sheep has developed
into many distinct breeds, The Balwen Welsh Mountain being one of those. Therefore, whilst
not similar in appearance to the speckle or South Wales Welsh Mountain, they are similar
in many other ways such as hardiness, ease of management and good mothering ability. The
Balwen Welsh Mountain sheep is distinct in having the Head Socks and Tails factor.
Balwen has a base color of black/brown or dark gray, with a white blaze on the face, four
white feet and a half white tail. The name Balwen is derived from the Welsh phrase
Bal meaning white blaze.
It is thought farmers over the years used the Balwen as landmarks on the hills as a
means of recognizing ones flock. By whatever means, the Balwen has been preserved by the
continued belief of committed enthusiasts that the Welsh Mountain is a 'sheep for all
For many years the Balwen was
confined to an area of central Wales on the borders of the old counties of Cardigan,
Brecon and Carmarthen. The catchment area of the river Tywi, north of Rhandirmwyn (now the
Llyn Brianne Dam) was the breeding grounds for the Balwen sheep, and the ancestry of all
Balwens can be traced back to the Tywi valley.
It was acknowledged for many years of the need to form a breed society to preserve and
promote Balwens and on the 21st of February 1985 at the Glanbran Arms, Cynghordy the
Balwen Welsh Mountain Sheep Society was formed
The Balwen Welsh Mountain Sheep is a small, very hardy breed. They are easy to manage
having very few health problems associated with many of the larger breeds. They have
excellent feet requiring little attention and can get by with only the minimum of feeding
at peak times of the year. The Balwen is an excellent mother, having very few lambing
problems with plenty of milk capable of rearing twin lambs under the right circumstances.
Ram approx. 38-43 kg
Weight 1.25-2.0 kg
The Secretary, Balwen Welsh Mountain Sheep Society: Mrs Susan Jones, Bryn Haelog,
Salem, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales, SA19 7LP